The Scott O'Dell Award
This award was established in 1982 by the noted writer of historical fiction, who hoped to increase interest in the genre. It is awarded annually to "a meritorious book published in the previous year for children or young adults." To be eligible, "a book must have been published as a book intended for children or young people, it must be set in the New World (Canada, Central or South America, or the United States), it must be published by a publisher in the United States, and it must be written in English by a citizen of the United States." That explains why books such as A Single Shard, Newbery winner in 2002, wouldn't even have been considered for the O'Dell.
I no longer link to individual titles on Amazon, but these books can be found on both Amazon and IndieBound.
Children's Book Awards Index page
Medal | Caldecott Medal | Coretta
Scott King Award | Lifetime Achievement
NBA Young People's Award | Young Adult Book Awards | Sibert Informational Book Award | The Pura Belpré Award
The Purple Crayon home page